Design, modelling, environmental, economic and performance analysis of parabolic trough solar collector (PTC) based cogeneration systems assisted by thermoelectric generators (TEGs)

Mert Cüce A. P., Güçlü T., Cüce E.



Concentrating solar power systems (CSP) is a very efficient technology for clean and renewable energy production. It basically works on the principle of focusing the sun's rays with the help of a reflective surface. There are two types of CSP systems: point-focused and line-focused. Point-focused ones are parabolic dish collectors and solar towers. Line-focused ones are parabolic trough collectors (PTCs) and linear Fresnel reflectors. It is possible to reach focus temperatures over 1000 °C with point-focused CSPs. Line-focused CSP systems are used to obtain thermal and electrical energy at temperatures below 500 °C. Among CSP technologies, PTCs are widely preferred. While it can be used alone, it can also be used in combination with other power generation systems by creating hybrid systems. In this regard, hybrid PTC/TEG energy systems created with thermoelectric generators (TEGs) come to the fore. These systems have higher electrical and thermal efficiency values compared to traditional PTCs. In this study, CSP systems, PTCs, TEGs and hybrid solar energy systems-based PTCs were examined in detail. It is concluded from the study that the total thermal efficiency of PTC-TEG hybrid systems can be enhanced by up to %70 with respect to PTC systems.