A comprehensive review on recent advancements in cooling of solar photovoltaic systems using phase change materials


Sheik M. A. , Aravindan M. K. , CÜCE E., Dasore A., Rajak U., Shaik S., ...More

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF LOW-CARBON TECHNOLOGIES, vol.17, pp.768-783, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 17
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1093/ijlct/ctac053
  • Journal Name: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF LOW-CARBON TECHNOLOGIES
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Applied Science & Technology Source, CAB Abstracts, Compendex, Computer & Applied Sciences, Greenfile, INSPEC, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.768-783
  • Keywords: nanoparticle enhanced phase change material (NEPCM), phase change material (PCM), photovoltaic thermal systems (PVT), solar photovoltaic (PV), PV-PCM SYSTEM, THERMAL SYSTEM, PERFORMANCE ENHANCEMENT, ELECTRICAL PERFORMANCE, TEMPERATURE REGULATION, NATURAL CIRCULATION, MODULE TEMPERATURE, MODEL VALIDATION, HYBRID COLLECTOR, EXERGY ANALYSIS

Abstract

Due to the increasing demand for energy worldwide, photovoltaic (PV) cooling systems have become an important field of research in recent years. The most important factor affecting the performance of a solar PV cell is its operating temperature. For harvesting heat from solar PV systems, phase change material (PCM) is regarded as the most effective material. As a result, this study discusses and describes the effect of using PCM and nanoPCM (NPCM) in cooling PV cells. This research reviews the various feasible hybrid photovoltaic thermal (PVT)-PCM and PVT-NPCM methods used for cooling PV. The concept focusing on PV cooling technology is discussed where air, water and nanofluid are used as the working medium in combination with PCM and NPCM. It is observed that when high performance heat transfer and improved cooling rate are needed, active cooling methods are favoured, whereas passive cooling methods rely on themselves and don't require extra power. It is also found that the effectiveness of applying PCM or NPCM for thermal control is heavily influenced by atmospheric air temperatures as well as the precise PCM or NPCM used. It is envisaged that this review will help new researchers better understand the qualities and capabilities of each cooling strategy. They are offered to help investigators quickly identify the basic science that led to the development of the thermal performance system and also improve the overall performance of the PV system.