Pheochromocytoma: An overlooked reversible cause of heart failure with reduced ejection fraction


Coner A., Ozyildiz A. G.

TURK KARDIYOLOJI DERNEGI ARSIVI-ARCHIVES OF THE TURKISH SOCIETY OF CARDIOLOGY, vol.49, no.6, pp.501-505, 2021 (Journal Indexed in ESCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 49 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.5543/tkda.2021.86087
  • Title of Journal : TURK KARDIYOLOJI DERNEGI ARSIVI-ARCHIVES OF THE TURKISH SOCIETY OF CARDIOLOGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.501-505
  • Keywords: Pheochromocytoma, cardiomyopathies, adrenal gland neoplasms, CARDIOVASCULAR MANIFESTATIONS, CARDIOMYOPATHY, SECONDARY

Abstract

Pheochromocytoma is a rare, benign tumor of adrenal medulla, and its clinical symptoms are related to catecholamine production. Clinical presentation may vary in a broad spectrum. Dilated or hypertrophied cardiomyopathies are the possible clinical outcomes of pheochromocytoma. Pheochromocytoma should be kept in mind in the differential diagnosis where resistant hypertension, palpitations, headache, and sweating accompany cardiomyopathy. Excessive adrenergic stimulation causing catecholamine discharge can trigger hypertension crisis, pulmonary edema, and myocardial necrosis. Here in this report, we aimed to present the case of a patient with pheochromocytoma related cardiomyopathy who was totally recovered after surgical excision of the tumor.