1. INTERNATIONALl CONGRESS MEDICINAL AND AROMATIC PLANTS NATURAL AND HEALTHY LIFE, Konya, Turkey, 9 - 11 May 2017, pp.1832
More than 200 components are isolated from different parts (leave, flower and seed) up to now. The most known components are: flavanoids, phenylethanoids, cumarins, fatty acids, steroids and polisaccarides.7 seretonin derivatives were isolated from safflower oil. The main components of safflower flowers is carthamin, an important flavanoid glycosides. İts flowers contains also arthamidin, isocarthamidin, quercetin, kaempferol,6-hydroxykaempferol and its glikosides and hydroxysafflor yellow A, safflor yellow A, safflamin C, safflamin A, safflomin-A. Also lauric, miristic, palmitic, linoleic, arachidic and flavon luteolin and luteolin 7-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside and luteolin-7-O-(6''-O-acetyl)-beta-D-glucopyranoside are presents in Carthamus tinctorius flowers. Nikotiflorin, are present as an natural flavanoid in in the petals of C. tinctorius. An seconder metabolite, alkan-1,3-diols, was isolated from dried petals of safflower. The main essential oil componenrs of safflower flowers were determined as Caryophyllene, p-allyltoluene,1-acetoxytetralin and heneicosane. An new quinokalkon C-glikoside, tinctormine was determined in safflower. The potentail use of safflower in phytotherapy and developments in its use as healing agent was discussed in detail. İt was determined that safflower has antioksidant, analgezic, antidiabetic, hepatoprotektic ve antihperlipidemic activities.
safflower, medicinal plant, active substances