Fruit culture has played an important role of Turkey's history and currently the country is considered to be one of the most significant countries in the world from the point of fruit diversity. Turkey grows around 100 fruit species and this number is increasing year by year with new introduction. The country is represented by 3 persimmon species, Diospyros kaki, Diospyros lotus and Diospyros oleifera. Among them, Diospyros oleifera can be seen only in the Mediterranean region in Turkey. Northern Anatolia is the center of wild grown Diospyros lotus which is used as dried fruits in this region. Persimmon production, mainly in the subtropical region in Turkey, has expanded rapidly in the past 10 years and reached around 20,000 tonnes.