The evaluation of the effectiveness of a health promotion training on breast cancer survivors

Col B. K., Tufan G., Kili D.

Journal of Education and Health Promotion, vol.13, no.1, 2024 (ESCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 13 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_960_23
  • Journal Name: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus
  • Keywords: Breast cancer, health promotion, survival, training
  • Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University Affiliated: Yes


BACKGROUND: Increased early diagnosis and improved treatment options have decreased the mortality rate of breast cancer and increased the survival rate. Healthy lifestyle behaviors are very important in breast cancer survivors as they reduce mortality and morbidity rates, cancer recurrence frequency, and side effects of treatment and improve health. This study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of a health promotion training intervention in breast cancer survival. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study is a quasi-experimental, pre-test–post-test and single-group study. It was conducted with 43 women breast cancer survivors. The “Healthy Lifestyle Behaviors Scale II” was used to collect the data. Four sessions of training were given to the women once a week, and a 3-month post-training follow-up was performed. The t-test, Wilcoxon analysis, and Spearmen correlation analysis were used to evaluate the data. RESULTS: Pre-training and post-training scores in the sub-dimensions and total scores of the healthy lifestyle behavior scale showed that the training was highly effective. There was a significant increase in all sub-dimensions and total scale post-training scores (P < 0.05). In the correlation analysis, a negative correlation was found between age and physical activity, between elapsed time after diagnosis and nutrition, and between elapsed time after diagnosis and spiritual development (P < 0,05). However, there was a positive correlation between educational status and nutrition (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The results show that a health promotion training program covering physical activity/exercise, healthy nutrition, effective communication, coping with stress, and increasing health responsibility had positive effects on healthy lifestyle behaviors in this population, and age, educational status, and elapsed time after diagnosis influence healthy lifestyle behaviors in survival.