ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS OF T-SHAPED GROINS BUILT ON THE EASTERN BLACK SEA COAST ON SHORE PROTECTION


Sume V.

FRESENIUS ENVIRONMENTAL BULLETIN, vol.26, pp.59-65, 2017 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 26
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Title of Journal : FRESENIUS ENVIRONMENTAL BULLETIN
  • Page Numbers: pp.59-65

Abstract

The construction of the double highway on the Black Sea Coast was initiated in 1998, completed in 2000. During the construction, T-shaped groins where were built to protect the shore. In this article, the contribution of T-shaped groins to beach formation and their positive or negative effects on the change of coast and submarine topography were environmentally examined.