Targeting the anaphase-promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C) enhanced antiproliferative and apoptotic response in bladder cancer.


Sevim Nalkiran H., Akcora Yildiz D., Saydam F., Guzel A. I., Nalkiran İ.

Saudi journal of biological sciences, vol.30, no.3, pp.103564, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 30 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.sjbs.2023.103564
  • Journal Name: Saudi journal of biological sciences
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.103564
  • Keywords: Bladder cancer, Small-molecule inhibitor, ProTAME Cisplatin, Gemcitabine, Apoptosis, SPINDLE ASSEMBLY CHECKPOINT, GEMCITABINE PLUS CISPLATIN, MITOTIC EXIT, THERAPEUTIC TARGET, POOR-PROGNOSIS, CDC20, EXPRESSION, CELLS, OVEREXPRESSION, INHIBITION
  • Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Improving the chemotherapy sensitivity of bladder cancer is a current clinical challenge. It is critical to seek out effective combination therapies that include low doses of cisplatin due to its dose-limiting toxicity. This study aims to investigate the cytotoxic effects of the combination therapy including proTAME, a small molecule inhibitor, targeting Cdc-20 and to determine the expression levels of several APC/C pathway-related genes that may play a role in the chemotherapy response of RT-4 (bladder cancer) and ARPE-19 (normal epithelial) cells. The IC20 and IC50 values were determined by MTS assay. The expression levels of apoptosis-associated (Bax and Bcl-2) and APC/C-associated (Cdc-20, Cyclin-B1, Securin, and Cdh-1) genes were assessed by qRT-PCR. Cell colonization ability and apoptosis were examined by clonogenic survival experiment and Annexin V/PI staining, respectively. Low-dose combination therapy showed a superior inhibition effect on RT-4 cells by increasing cell death and inhibiting colony formation. Triple-agent combination therapy further increased the percentage of late apoptotic and necrotic cells compared to the doublet-therapy with gemcitabine and cisplatin. ProTAME-containing combination therapies resulted in an elevation in Bax/Bcl-2 ratio in RT-4 cells, while a significant decrease was observed in proTAME-treated ARPE-19 cells. Cdc-20 expression in proTAME combined treatment groups were found to be decreased compared to their control groups. Low-dose triple-agent combination induced cytotoxicity and apoptosis in RT-4 cells effectively. It is essential to evaluate the role of APC/C pathway-associated potential biomarkers as therapeutic targets and define new combination therapy regimens to achieve improved tolerability in bladder cancer patients in the future. (c) 2023 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of King Saud University. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).