Geothermal district heating in Turkey: The Gonen case study

Oktay Z., ASLAN A.

GEOTHERMICS, vol.36, no.2, pp.167-182, 2007 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 36 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2007
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.geothermics.2006.09.001
  • Journal Name: GEOTHERMICS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.167-182
  • Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University Affiliated: No


The status of geothermal district heating in Turkey and its future prospects are reviewed. A description is given of the Gonen project in Balikesir province, the first system to begin citywide operation in the country. The geology and geothermal resources of the area, the history of the project's development, the problems encountered, its economic aspects and environmental contributions are all discussed. The results of this and other such systems installed in Turkey have confirmed that, in this country, heating an entire city based on geothermal energy is a significantly cleaner, cheaper option than using fossil fuels or other renewable energy resources. (C) 2006 CNR. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.