Rootstock usage in eggplant: actual situation and recent advances


Boyacı H. F., Ellialtıoğlu Ş. Ş.

ACTA HORTICULTURAE, vol.1271, no.1271, pp.403-410, 2020 (Scopus) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 1271 Issue: 1271
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.17660/actahortic.2020.1271.55
  • Journal Name: ACTA HORTICULTURAE
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus, CAB Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.403-410
  • Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University Affiliated: No

Abstract

Rootstock usage provides many advantages such as resistance or tolerance to biotic and abiotic stress factors, thus, increasing yield. Rootstock usage in eggplants was started in early 1950s. Currently, it is used worldwide, especially in Asia, Europe, Africa and America. In order to choose the best performing rootstocks in eggplants, many researches have been carried out until now. VerticilliumFusarium, nematode resistance, salt, drought, chilling, low temperature tolerance, reduction of heavy metals (cadmium, nickel, chrome), yield increases, quality and scion-rootstock compatibility subjects are the most important topics for the researchers. Some wild ancestors of eggplants and tomatoes were tested as rootstocks in these topics. In this review article more than a hundred research articles were reviewed to determine the best performing rootstocks for eggplants in the above mentioned subjects. Thus, practical information may be provided for future studies to be used by researchers, breeders and extension specialists in order to stimulate new researches in the field of vegetable grafting.