Unusual winter activity of Bufo bufo (Anura: Bufonidae)

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Turkish Journal of Biodiversity, vol.4, no.1, pp.105-107, 2021 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)


As ectotherms, amphibians in the northern hemisphere are forced into hibernation due to seasonal periods of low temperatures, shorter days or reduced food supplies. Although it has been reported in recent years that some ectothermic animals may be active even in winter due to the effect of global climate change, winter activity records for toads are uncommon. Therefore, we would like to report a winter activity case from north Anatolia, Turkey via the common toad, Bufo bufo. Documenting these unusual winter events not only adds to the biological knowledge of the species, but also provides valuable preliminary evidence for analyzing climate change patterns.