New Histophatological Finding About Data Destroying Amyloid Black Holes in Hippocampus Following Olfactory Bulb Lesion Like as the Universe

AYDIN M. D., Aydin A., Aydin A., Ahiskalioglu E. O., AHISKALIOĞLU A., ÖZMEN S., ...More

ARCHIVES OF NEUROSCIENCE, vol.9, no.4, 2022 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 9 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.5812/ans-123169
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI)
  • Keywords: Hippocampus, Olfaction, Memory Loss, Black Hole, DADA-B, IRON, DISEASE
  • Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University Affiliated: Yes


Background: Many infinite theories have been suggested to explain memory loss in neurodegenerative diseases. However, there are clear data that iron-containing neurofibrillary networks can cause neuron death and erase the memory of neurons, just likeObjectives: Ths study aimed to investigate the electromagnetic properties of iron-loaded neurofibrillary networks formed in the hippocampus as a result of damage to the olfactory nerves, just like black holes in space, as well as whether they cause neuron death Methods: All rats were tested with star maze performance before, 3 weeks, and 3 months after surgery. The data used in the study were obtained from the subjects in the experimental groups who had been followed up for 3 months with control (GI; n = 5), SHAM (GII; n = 5) with only frontal burr hole, and study (GIII; n =15) animals with olfactory bulb lesion. All rats were tested with star maze performance before, 3 weeks, and 3 months after surgery. The olfactory bulbs and hippocampus of subjects were examined by stereological methods. Olfactory bulb volumes, degenerated neuron densities of the hippocampus, and numbers of hippocampal black holes were estimated quantitatively, and results were statistically analyzed by a 1-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). The properties of black holes in the brains and the universe were compared theoretically.Results: The mean olfactory bulb volumes, degenerated neuron density, and black holes of the hippocampus were estimated as 4.43 +/- 0.22 mm3, 42 +/- 9 mm3, and 3 +/- 1 mm3 in GI, 4.01 +/- 0.19 mm3, 257 +/- 78 mm3, and 11 +/- 3 mm3 in GII, and 2.4 +/- 0.8 mm3, 1675 +/- 119 mm3, and 34 +/- 7 mm3 in GIII. All animals were tested with star maze performance before, 3 weeks, and 3 months after surgery. Latency, distance, speed, and path efficiency values of all animals were detected. The more diminished olfactory bulb volume (P < 0.00001) causes more apoptotic neurons and black holes in the hippocampus (P < 0.0001) and more memory loss in olfactory bulbConclusions: Hippocampal black holes, which are similar to black holes in terms of their formation processes, may be responsible for neuronal losses and memory erasures in the brain by acting like black holes in space. These amyloid plaques, which cause neuron death and memory loss, will be called data-deleting amyloid black holes (DADA-Black Holes) in the paper.