The aim was to evaluate the stress distributions on dentin and repair materials caused by static force applied to teeth, with cervical external root resorption (CER) after repair with different materials using finite element analysis (FEA).
This study was performed with the 3D FEA method. Access cavity, root canal cavity dimensions, and supporting tissues other than cementum were modeled in the maxillary central tooth. The CER cavity was created on the labial side of the tooth model. The coronal side of the resorption cavity was restored with composite, and the radicular side with different materials (MTA, Biodentine, BioAggregate, CEM, GIC, and RMGIC). A static force of 300 N was applied to the palatal surface of the crown at an angle of 135° to the long axis of the tooth. The stress distributions in dentin and repair materials were analyzed.
The highest stress in dentin was seen in the model with unrepaired CER. In the models repaired with MTA, GIC, and RMGIC, von Mises stress values in dentin were greater than for repairs with Biodentine, BioAggregate, and CEM materials. The von Mises stress on the repair materials applied to the root were highest for the BioAggregate material. This was followed by CEM, Biodentine, MTA, RMGIC, and GIC materials, respectively.
The repair of CER in the tooth significantly decreased the stress values in dentin. Biodentine, BioAggregate, and CEM absorbed more force and caused less stress to be transmitted to dentin compared to MTA, GIC, and RMGIC.