Today the global world is faced to address and meet the key challenges of agricultural development reliant on research and innovation actions. One of these actions is especially linked to the socio-economic requirements, foundational resources and rights of farmers to support agricultural production and outputs. As an agricultural output, some agricultural crops are proposed to satisfy as specialty agricultural crops according to the local and regional needs to enable improvements for all parties to provide good income, promotes equity, growth better livelihood and agricultural employment. These crops have some specific features and become increasingly important to have influenced on regional, national and multi-state agricultural research, development and extension initiatives. And also, they have leading effects on (i) food security, (ii) livelihood security and (iii) agricultural and rural development to make integration with the criteria such as economically significance, interests and feasibility of parties. Although the Agriculture Modality Paper, for agricultural issues released by The Chairman of the World Trade Organization (WTO) Negotiations on Agriculture, covers some criteria helping to define these crops, exactly there have been no globally common standards for identification them. However, it is questioned that how develop the specialty agricultural crops beyond identification of them. In this paper, firstly, it is aimed to address the key needs for future improvements of specialty agricultural crops. This mainly for designation of a framework for these crops covering all components in respond to this question integrated with agricultural innovation units and agricultural development sustainability within the innovation including their attributes and dimensions. Further, this schema focused on the prerequisites framework within the key priorities and the initiatives of innovation based specialty agricultural growth to make integration with ongoing agricultural policy and practice around the world. In follows, it is described the innovation units to improve production efficiency for specialty agricultural crops. Finally, it is represented the attributes and dimensions of sustainability with innovation through the specialty agricultural crop development. Integrated all these stages would provide a basis and methodology for sustainable specialty agricultural crops development strategies, growing under state guarantee in several world countries, following the drivers of agricultural innovation. And also it is expected to contribute to create an opportunity for farmers/organizations to produce such crops by accelerating the rate of innovation adoption within well-established priorities in agricultural rights. So, it is enabled to have an ability to cope with the effects of global agricultural challenges and emerging opportunities. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.