Human monoclonal anti-endothelial cell IgG-derived from a systemic lupus erythematosus patient binds and activates human endothelium in vitro

Yazici Z. A. , RASCHI E., PATEL A., TESTONI C., BORGHI M., GRAHAM A., ...Daha Fazla

INTERNATIONAL IMMUNOLOGY, cilt.13, sa.3, ss.349-357, 2001 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 13 Konu: 3
  • Basım Tarihi: 2001
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1093/intimm/13.3.349
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.349-357


Our objectives were to obtain monoclonal anti-endothelial cell antibodies (AECA) from systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients, to characterize their antigen specificity, and their capability to induce a pro-inflammatory and pro-adhesive endothelial phenotype, and to investigate the mechanism of endothelial cell (EC) activation in vitro. Monoclonal IgG AECA were generated by hybridoma formation with human SLE B cells. Antigen specificity was characterized by immunoblotting with enriched cell membrane fractions, by cytofluorimetry and by cell solid-phase ELISA, Endothelial activation was evaluated by measuring increases in U937 cell adhesiveness, adhesion molecule (E-selectin and ICAM-1) expression and IL-6 production. In addition, mechanisms of endothelial activation were investigated by assessment of NF-kappaB by measuring the loss of its inhibitor I-kappaB. mAb E-3 bound live EC and recognized a 42 kDa EC membrane protein, it enhanced U937 adhesiveness, E-selectin and ICAM-1 expression and IL-6 production, and caused the loss of I-kappaB, We conclude this is the first in vitro demonstration that a human monoclonal AECA from a SLE patient reacts with a constitutive endothelial membrane antigen and induces a pro-inflammatory endothelial phenotype through NF-kappaB activation.