Novel Coumarin Derivatives Containing a Triazole Moiety: A Study on Synthesis, Cytotoxicity, Membrane Dysfunction, Apoptosis, Cell Cycle, and Antiangiogenic Effects


Guner A., BEKTAŞ H., MENTEŞE E.

ANTI-CANCER AGENTS IN MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY, vol.22, no.13, pp.2429-2438, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 22 Issue: 13
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.2174/1871520622666220106104324
  • Journal Name: ANTI-CANCER AGENTS IN MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.2429-2438
  • Keywords: Cisplatin, coumarin, cytotoxicity, lung cancer, resistance, ROS, LUNG ADENOCARCINOMA CELLS, CISPLATIN, ANTICANCER, MECHANISM, ANGIOGENESIS, COMBINATION, MODULATION, RESISTANCE, THERAPY

Abstract

Background: Coumarin is a functional compound with a pronounced wide range of biological activities and has recently been shown to have anticancer effects on various human cancer cells. Cisplatin is widely used in treating many cancers, but its effectiveness is limited due to acquired resistance and dose-related side effects. Objective: This study aimed to reveal the chemosensitizing ability of novel synthesized coumarin-triazole hybrid compounds (3a-f) compared to the cisplatin in A549, MCF-7, and HeLa cancer cells. Methods: Cytotoxicity was determined by MTT assay. Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), antioxidant/oxidant status, and DNA fragmentation were determined spectrophotometrically using commercial kits. Muse (TM) Cell Analyzer was used to assess cell cycle progression. Pro/anti-apoptotic gene expressions were determined by Real-Time qPCR. The antiangiogenic activity was determined by VEGF expression and Hen's chorioallantoic membrane model. Results: Compounds 3c, -d, -e, and -f potentiated the cisplatin-induced cytotoxicity by increasing LDH release and DNA fragmentation, inducing G2/M cell cycle arrest, overproducing oxidative stress, and decreasing cellular antioxidant levels. These compounds combined with cisplatin caused upregulation in the pro-apoptotic Bax, Bid, caspase-3, caspase-8, caspase-9, Fas, and p53 gene expressions while downregulating anti-apoptotic DFFA, NFkB1, and Bcl2 gene expressions. These combinations caused vascular loss and a reduction in VEGF expression. Conclusion: These results suggest that a combinational regimen of coumarin compounds with cisplatin could enhance the effect of cisplatin in A549 cells. Besides, these compounds exhibit relatively low toxicity in normal cells, thus decreasing the dose requirement of cisplatin in cancer treatments.