Chemical Composition, Antimicrobial, and Antioxidant Activities of Medicinal Plants Nutsedge and Fenugreek

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Ceylan Ş., Camadan Y., Saral Ö., Özşen Batur Ö.

BIORESOURCES, vol.17, no.3, pp.4580-4594, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 17 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.15376/biores.17.3.4580-4594
  • Journal Name: BIORESOURCES
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Compendex, Veterinary Science Database, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.4580-4594
  • Keywords: Antimicrobial, Antioxidant, C. rotundus L., Volatile fraction, T. foenum-graecum L., GC/MS ANALYSIS, EXTRACT, NANOPARTICLES, CAPACITY
  • Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University Affiliated: Yes


Purple nutsedge roots (Cyperus rotundus L.) and fenugreek seeds (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) have been traditionally used as food and to treat common ailments. After extraction by solid-phase microextraction (SPME), the chemical structure of the revealed volatile fractions was researched with gas chromatography with mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The determined substances of the C. rotundus were pentadecanolide (72.0%), palmitic acid (8.2%), 16-hydroxy-6-hexadecenoic acid omega lactone (4.4%), and (Z)-anethol (3.9%). Most of the identified compounds of the T. foenum-graecum were pentadecanolide (61.3%) and (Z)-anethol (16.5%). The C. rotundus showed good antifungal activity against the yeast strands of Candida albicans and Candida krusei. Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) numbers were 250 and 125 mu g/mL, respectively. However, the T. foenum-graecum seeds did not show any effect against the test microorganisms. The C. rotundus roots in particular exhibited good 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity with an IC50 number of 0.91 mg/mL.