Konuralp Tıp Dergisi, vol.12, no.3, pp.435-442, 2020 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)
Objective: Aim of our study is showing the changes of factors that affecting early
childhood obesity from 2016 to 2019 and to ensure that necessary measures are taken
about this regard.
Methods: 3 years follow-up information of 388 babies whom born in 2013 and 2016
and registered at the Family Health Centers of Rize (Turkey) included to our study.
The family doctors participating in this study examined these babies who were
registered to them during their 1st, 3rd, 7th, 9th, 12th, 18th, 24th, 30th, 36th months at
the family health centers in accordance with Turkish Health Ministry protocols and
recorded their height, weight, head circumference and Body Mass Index (BMI).
Descriptive statistical methods were used to evaluate the obtained data.
Results: 388 babies included in study, 177 of them were born in 2013 and 211 of
them were born in 2016. Percentage of being overweight or obese was 19.2% in
babies born in 2013 and this rate decreased to 18.2% in babies born in 2016.
Percentage of being overweight or obese was 16% in girls and 21.2% in boys. We
observed that high birth weight (>4000 gr) and excess gestational weight gain (GWG)
are risk factors for being overweight or obese at the age of three (p=0.048).
Conclusions: Result of our study showed us that although prevalence of early
childhood obesity decreased, but prevalence is still at critical level. We found that
GWG and high birth weight are risk factors for early childhood obesity. In future
obesity prevention studies, taking these risk factors into account will be beneficia