Evaluation Of Cittaslow Movement In The Context Of Sustainability: The Case Of Turkey


Elmalı Şen D., Öztürk E., Yetim E.

ICEARC’19: International Civil Engineering and Architecture Conference, Trabzon, Türkiye, 17 - 20 Nisan 2019, cilt.2, ss.109-120

  • Yayın Türü: Bildiri / Tam Metin Bildiri
  • Cilt numarası: 2
  • Basıldığı Şehir: Trabzon
  • Basıldığı Ülke: Türkiye
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.109-120

Özet

Sustainability covers all of the activities carried out with the idea of utilizing today's resources by taking into consideration the rights of the use of future generations. Today, the steps have taken that have adopted sustainable approaches with the awareness of mankind who are rapidly consuming and polluting the environment. In almost all countries of the world, the steps taken in national and international scales in the context of sustainability are becoming more widespread and enacted. However, the realization of these studies will be more difficult and take a long-term due to the reasons such as habit, property, bureaucracy and etc. for the large cities and metropolises which were produced and largely completed their construction without this sensitivity. Nevertheless, small-scale cities and districts are easier to adapt and operate in this respect. In this study, the case of Cittaslow will be discussed as an effective method for transforming small-scale cities and districts into sustainable living spaces. Cittaslow is an international association born out of the Slow Food movement to prevent globalization from standardizing and eliminating the textures, serenities, lifestyles and local characteristics of cities. The Cittaslow movement set out with the goal of being a realistic alternative to cities that are self-sufficient and sustainable. The cities where people can communicate with each other and socialize; protect handicrafts, nature, customs, and traditions but also have no infrastructural problems, use renewable energy resources and benefit from the conveniences of technology. The Cittaslow Association founded in 1999 in Greve in Chianti, Italy, accepts cities with a population of less than 50,000 and meeting the conditions of membership. In order to become a member of the Association, it is necessary to develop and implement projects in order to meet the criteria set by the union. Today, 252 cities in 30 countries from all over the world have earned the right to be a member of the Cittaslow by providing the criteria. In our country which is one of the 30 countries, 15 districts carry the title of Cittaslow. In contrast to the fast but superficial life of the modern city, the principles of Cittaslow, which based on living slowly and internalizing the life, coincide with sustainability. The main purpose of the study, which evaluates the movement within this framework, is to draw attention to the Cittaslow movement and to raise awareness. For this purpose, local samples that have acquired Cittaslow membership will be evaluated both in terms of membership criteria and sustainability.