INVESTIGATION OF THE ESSENTIAL OIL COMPONENTS OF Salvia glutinosa


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Yurteri E. , Özcan Aykutlu A. , Küplemez H. , Seyis F.

Vth INTERNATIONAL EURASIAN AGRICULTURE AND NATURAL SCIENCES CONGRESS, Konya, Turkey, 23 December 2021, vol.1, no.1, pp.29-33

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 1
  • City: Konya
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.29-33

Abstract

Abstract
There are about 900 species of sage (Salvia spp.) in the world. These species are mostly distributed in the Americas and South-West Asia continents. There are 97 Salvia species in Turkey, and 51 of these species are endemic and show a high rate of endemism. Many Salvia species exhibit some medicinal effects such as antispasmodic, antibacterial, antifungal and antioxidant activity. Moreover, many of Salvia species are used to flavor food as well as in cosmetics, perfumes and other pharmaceutical industries. Salvia glutinosa L. naturally grows in moist locations in deciduous forest and scrub and in Picea forests of south and south Anatolia and the flowering time is from July to October. In this study, the essential components of the Salvia glutinosa (L.) plants were investigated which collected from the Çat (1295 m) plateau of Rize at the time of flowering. The proportion of essential oils of the plant harvested during the full flowering period both in the nature and cultivated. Aromatic components in the essential oil of the plant were determined using the SPME (Solid Phase Microextraction) method in a Gas Chromatography (GC-MS) device. Almost 28 different components were found as a result of the analysis, while made up a significant part of the featured components. The significant part of the prominent essential compounds in the plant samples collected from the nature was found as respectively Germacrene-D (15.87 %), Neomenthyl acetate (8.2 %), Neodene (7.82 %), Isoborneol (7.54 %), α-Himachalene (7.23 %), Isovaleric acid (6.36 %) and Carvacrol (5.39 %) while essential compounds of the plant samples