Violent Discipline Behaviors in Mothers of Preschool Children in Malatya, East Anatolia

Sönmez M., Genç M. F., Karaoğlu L.

JOURNAL OF INTERPERSONAL VIOLENCE, vol.35, no.23-24, pp.5292-5310, 2020 (SSCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 35 Issue: 23-24
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/0886260517720737
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Abstracts in Social Gerontology, Child Development & Adolescent Studies, CINAHL, Criminal Justice Abstracts, EBSCO Education Source, Education Abstracts, EMBASE, Gender Studies Database, MEDLINE, Psycinfo, Social services abstracts, Sociological abstracts, Violence & Abuse Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.5292-5310
  • Keywords: child abuse, cultural contexts, children exposed to domestic violence, domestic violence, domestic violence and cultural contexts, ABUSE, EXPERIENCES, PUNISHMENT, CHILDHOOD, PARENTS
  • Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University Affiliated: Yes


Violent parenting behavior, whether physical or psychological, give harms to child well-being. This study was conducted to describe and compare the prevalence of discipline methods used by mothers of 2- to 5-year-old children in Malatya, Turkey. This is a cross sectional study and 552 mothers were administered a face-to-face questionnaire describe the methods they use to discipline their children in the year previous the survey. It was observed that nine of 10 women used violence on their children physically and psychologically. The study showed that nine of 10 mothers used physical and/or psychological punishment toward their children in the previous year. Nonviolent discipline was less prevalent than punitive discipline, such as psychological and physical punishment. The most commonly used method was psychological punishment. Significant sociodemographic associations with discipline methods were found. Mother's educational level, family income, child gender, and child age were the independent predictors that explained discipline methods used by mothers. Starting parenting classes and strengthening the child protection systems at national level were suggested.