Background: The descriptive study was conducted to determine the knowledge, attitude and practices of nursing students when it comes to complementary health approaches (CHA).
Methods: The study was done with 264 nursing students who were studying at a health school in Turkey. Permission to conduct the study was obtained from the director of the college, students and ethics committee. Descriptive statistics were used in the analysis of the data. Percentage and frequency values were given as descriptive statistics. Spearman correlation coefficient was used to evaluate the relationship between numerical variables not showing normol distribution. . p<0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: The most common CHA were praying, exercising and imagery therapy. One third of the nursing students had received information about CHA. Students stated internet, TV, newspapers, magazines, books and family respectively as information sources. Additionally, nearly half of the nursing students stated that they have used CHA. The most frequently used CHA by students was praying. About half of the students used CHA in stress situations. Most of the students stated that massage was useful. Three fourth of the students reported that CHA positively affected one’s psychology and recovery. There was a statistically significant differences between students’ class and use of CHA (p<0.05). A weak positive correlation was found between the status of nursing students benefiting from CHA and recommending CHA (r=0.169; p=0.038), and a positive correlation was found between the knowledge levels of CHA and recommending CHA and (r=0.193; p=0.029) and benefitting from CHA (r=0.985; p=0.001).
Conclusion: Based on the results of the research, it was determined that nursing students had a generally positive attitude about CHA but their knowledge level and practices related to CHA were insufficient; however, a positive relationship was found between students' levels of knowledge about CHA and their recommending and benefiting status of CHA.
Keywords: complementary and alternative medicine, complementary health approaches, nursing students