Interesting negative correlation between transorbital optic nerve sheath diameter and Evans' index values; can it be predictive for failure of endoscopic third ventriculostomy?

Guvercin A. R., Besir A., Kanat A., Yazar U., Findik H.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE, vol.133, no.7, pp.812-818, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 133 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/00207454.2022.2126775
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Psycinfo
  • Page Numbers: pp.812-818
  • Keywords: transorbital optic nerve sheath diameter, Evans' index, failure, endoscopic third ventriculostomy, hydrocephalus, INTRACRANIAL MIDLINE SHIFT, WATER-FILLED VESICLES, SUBARACHNOID HEMORRHAGE, ULTRASONOGRAPHIC MEASUREMENT, CHOROID-PLEXUS, HYDROCEPHALUS
  • Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University Affiliated: Yes


Background: Currently, Endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) is one of the commonly used surgical options for the treatment of non-communicating hydrocephalus but reported success rates from ETV vary considerably, and a reliable noninvasive means to detect the efficacy of ETV is still lacking. In this study, the changes in Evans's Index and the transorbital optic nerve sheath (ONSD) diameter measurement after endoscopic third ventriculostomy were compared. Methods: Preoperative and early postoperative ultrasonographic ONSD measurement and preoperative and postoperative 3 months Evans' index of patients with hydrocephalus on whom ETVs were performed between 1 February 2018 and 23 May 2022 and analyzed. Results: The chart of 8 male and 2 female patients was analyzed. Their median age at presentation was 5.3 years (range 1 - 14 years). Mean ONSD values were 5.66 mms in the preoperative period, which was decreased to a mean of 4.17 mms in the early postoperative period. The Evans' index was 0.5320 in the preoperative period; however, it decreased to 0.4460 in the postoperative 3rd months. The preoperative and early postoperative mean ONSD values and Evans' Index of patients were significantly different. Interestingly, a negative correlation was also observed between ONSD values and Evans' index. Conclusions: ONSD measurement and Evans' index have been commonly used after ETV procedures In pediatric patients with hydrocephalus. Still, there is an unexplained negative correlation between ONSD and Evans' index values. This study indicates that the two measures (Evans's index and ONSD) should be considered when performing follow-up examinations in patients after ETV.