The purpose of this study is to determine the mental models of gifted students towards renewable energy resources. The case study method, one of the qualitative research approaches, was used in this study. The participants of this study are 14 students studying in an individual difference program from Science and Art Center in Trabzon. The participants of this study were coded as S01, S02,. S14 following ethical rules. Clinical interviews were conducted to determine the participants' mental models regarding the concept of "renewable energy resources." The data obtained were analyzed by content analysis which is one of the qualitative data analysis techniques. According to the analysis results, it was determined that the participants used the concept of renewable energy resources together with the concept of alternative energy sources. It was determined that they mostly talk about wind energy and solar energy. Also, gifted students are conscious of their energy needs. In this context, studies should be carried out to meet the need for universal energy. In addition, orientation to renewable energy resources should be provided by considering the geographical conditions and regional differences.