Impacts of environment-friendly unit operations on the functional properties of bee pollen

Kılıç A.

in: Biodiversity, Functional Ecosystems and Sustainable Food Production, Charis M. Galanakis, Editor, Springer, London/Berlin , Amsterdam, pp.217-241, 2022

  • Publication Type: Book Chapter / Chapter Research Book
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Publisher: Springer, London/Berlin 
  • City: Amsterdam
  • Page Numbers: pp.217-241
  • Editors: Charis M. Galanakis, Editor
  • Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University Affiliated: Yes


This section comprehensively discuss the functional properties of bee pollen of some environmental-friendly novel unit operations. In this context, fluidized bed assisted cold drying (LTHVfb), microwave (MW), freezing (FD), vacuum (VD), infrared (IR) and microwave assisted vacuum drying (MW-VD) are investigated as new environment-friendly unit operations. The protective properties of these unit operations on the raw material properties during processing, storage and kitchen applications were investigated. In addition, many specific bioactive properties of pollen bioactive components such as antimicrobial, antioxidant and anti-carcinogenic properties are discussed. In addition, the pollen production chain, sustainability in this life cycle and the environment-friendly features of these new applications on sustainability have been revealed. According to the literature data obtained, it is explained that novel unit operations contribute to sustainability with their environmentally friendly features as well as their protective effects on bioactive components in drying and production process.