Voice Quality After Radiotherapy and Cordectomy in Early-Stage Glottic Carcinomas

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Mehel D. M., Ozgur A., Sahin N., Vural A. A., Yemis T., Celebi M., ...More

ENT-EAR NOSE & THROAT JOURNAL, vol.100, no.4, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 100 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/0145561319876905
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Keywords: laryngeal neoplasms, glottis, radiotherapy, microsurgery, voice handicap index, GRBAS, TRANSORAL LASER MICROSURGERY, LARYNGEAL-CANCER, MANAGEMENT, RADIATION, SURGERY, FAILURE
  • Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University Affiliated: No


Laryngeal carcinomas are the most common upper respiratory tract cancers and most commonly involve the glottic region. The aim of this study is to evaluate the voice quality after radiotherapy (RT) and microsurgical cordectomy (MC) treatments using Voice Handicap Index (VHI) and Grade, Roughness, Breathiness, Astenicity, and Strain (GRBAS) perceptual evaluation scale in patients with early-stage glottic carcinoma. A total of 37 patients with early-stage glottic carcinomas, 19 patients had RT and 18 patients with MC, were included in our study. The patients were evaluated in terms of their sound quality by using VHI-10 and GRBAS perceptual assessment scale 3 months after the treatment was completed. Although the findings were better in favor of RT according to GRBAS perceptual assessment scale of patients who received RT (n = 19) and MC (n = 18), no statistically significant difference was found between the 2 groups (P= .613). Patients in both groups were evaluated with VHI-10, emotional (P= .036) and physiological (P= .038) scores were significantly higher in MC group and no significant difference was found in functional scores (P= .192). However, there was no statistically significant difference between the 2 groups in terms of voice quality (P= .185). In early-stage (Tis, T1a, T1b) glottic carcinoma, there was no significant difference between RT and MC in terms of voice quality. Therefore, the choice of treatment modality in patients with early-stage glottic carcinoma should be taken into account in terms of the patient's occupation, comorbid diseases, cost of treatment, hospital stay, and, most importantly, patient preference.