February 6th, Kahramanmaraş earthquakes and the disaster management algorithm of adult emergency medicine in Turkey: An experience review


Yilmaz S., Tatliparmak A. C., Karakayali O., Turk M., Uras N., Ipek M., ...More

Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine, vol.24, no.2, pp.80-89, 2024 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 24 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.4103/tjem.tjem_32_24
  • Journal Name: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.80-89
  • Keywords: Disaster medicine, earthquakes, emergency department, mass casualty incidents, triage
  • Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

This compilation covers emergency medical management lessons from the February 6th Kahramanmaraş earthquakes. The objective is to review relevant literature on emergency services patient management, focusing on Koenig s 1996 Simple Triage and Rapid Treatment (START) and Secondary Assessment of Victim Endpoint (SAVE) frameworks. Establishing a comprehensive seismic and mass casualty incident (MCI) protocol chain is the goal. The prehospital phase of seismic MCIs treats hypovolemia and gets patients to the nearest hospital. START-A plans to expedite emergency patient triage and pain management. The SAVE algorithm is crucial for the emergency patient secondary assessment. It advises using Glasgow Coma Scale, Mangled Extremity Severity Score, Burn Triage Score, and Safe Quake Score for admission, surgery, transfer, discharge, and outcomes. This compilation emphasizes the importance of using diagnostic tools like bedside blood gas analyzers and ultrasound devices during the assessment process, drawing from 6 February earthquake research. The findings create a solid framework for improving emergency medical response strategies, making them applicable in similar situations.