Diagnostic Value of Serum d-Dimer Level for Tubo-Ovarian Abscess: A Cross-Sectional Pilot Study

Yilmaz B., Kasap B., Demir M., Gungorduk K., Kelekci S., Sutcu R.

REPRODUCTIVE SCIENCES, vol.22, no.8, pp.927-931, 2015 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 22 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/1933719115570915
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.927-931
  • Keywords: pelvic inflammatory disease, tubo-ovarian abscess, d-dimer, ovarian cyst, PELVIC-INFLAMMATORY-DISEASE, SIGNIFICANT ELEVATION, FERTILITY, PROTEIN
  • Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University Affiliated: No


Aim of this study is to investigate the diagnostic role of serum d-dimer levels for tubo-ovarian abscess (TOA). Patients diagnosed with TOA (n = 36) and matched controls with ovarian cysts (n = 39) were collected prospectively. Patients in the 2 groups were compared on the basis of size of TOA or cyst, demographic characteristics, and serum d-dimer levels. Baseline characteristics of both groups were comparable. Mean d-dimer levels were significantly higher (P < .0001) in patients with TOA (1870.6 +/- 2401.7 ng/mL) when compared to adnexal cyst group (164.4 +/- 81.1 ng/mL). d-Dimer had a diagnostic value of 99.9%, specificity of 100.0%, and sensitivity of 97.4% based on a cutoff value 314 ng/mL for predicting TOA. In conclusion, serum d-dimer level was significantly elevated in women with TOA compared with benign adnexal cysts. Thus, this inexpensive, feasible, and reproducible marker can be used for differential diagnosis of TOA.