Radionuclides and heavy metals concentrations in Turkish market tea

GORUR F. K., Keser R., AKÇAY N., DİZMAN S., Okumusoglu N. T.

FOOD CONTROL, vol.22, no.12, pp.2065-2070, 2011 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 22 Issue: 12
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.foodcont.2011.06.005
  • Journal Name: FOOD CONTROL
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.2065-2070
  • Keywords: Tea, Radioactivity, Heavy metals, ICP/OES, TRACE-ELEMENTS, RADIOACTIVITY, MINERALS, SAMPLES
  • Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University Affiliated: Yes


Tea is one of the most popular beverages in the world. The Eastern Black Sea Region of Turkey is one of the main tea producers in Turkey and the fifth in the world. Thus, the chemical components in tea have received great interest because they are related to health. Since this region was contaminated by the Chernobyl accident in 1986, a comprehensive study was planned and carried out to determine the radioactivity level in the tea growing region. The activity concentrations of Th-232, U-238, Cs-137 were measured in 29 black tea and one green tea samples from local Turkish markets using gamma spectrometry with an HpGe detector. The average activity concentration of Th-232, Ra-226, K-40 and Cs-137 were found 3.2 +/- 0.6 Bq/kg, 6.4 +/- 0.7 Bq/kg, 445.6 +/- 17.8 Bq/kg and 42.0 +/- 1.4 Bq/kg in tea samples, respectively.