Persistent left superior vena cava: Two case reports and a review from nephrologists' perspective

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Sahutoglu T., Sakaci T., Kara E., Ahbap E., Basturk T., Koc Y., ...More

HEMODIALYSIS INTERNATIONAL, vol.20, no.3, pp.369-377, 2016 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 20 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/hdi.12389
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.369-377
  • Keywords: Hemodialysis catheter, persistent left superior vena cava, hemodialysis, HEMODIALYSIS CATHETER, DIALYSIS CATHETER, PLACEMENT, ACCESS
  • Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University Affiliated: Yes


Thoracic venous anomalies without congenital heart anomalies are present in minority of the population, but they are frequent enough to be encountered while placing hemodialysis catheters through the jugular or subclavian veins. Persistent left superior vena cava is the most commonly seen anomaly and it is rarely noticed before the observation of an unusual course of hemodialysis catheter or guidewire on chest X-ray. We present two patients with previously unspotted persistent left superior vena cava and uncomplicated hemodialysis catheter insertions through the internal jugular veins with good catheter functions. Review of the relevant literature from a nephrologists' perspective with technical aspects is provided.