POWDER TECHNOLOGY, vol.301, pp.421-428, 2016 (SCI-Expanded)
Commercial raw ulexite (U) materials were milled from 0 h to 8 h by using mechanical milling technique for various initial powder size (-3 mm; -75 mu m), ball to powder ratio (5:1; 10:1), and ball size (10 mm; 5 mm). Par tide size, morphology, elemental, and crystal structure measurements of the milled powders were performed. In the particle size distribution analysis, the smallest d(50) and d(10) values were respectively found as 8.846 pm and 790 nm for U_5m powder (obtained from that initial powder with -3 mm in size was milled by balls with 5 mm in size) at 0.5 h. In the morphology analysis, the microstructure of the U_5m powder was observed to be more homogeneous by means of milling process. In the elemental analysis, it was deduced that the U_5m powder is not a pure compound. In the crystal structure analysis, it was determined that the crystal structure of the U_5m powder is exponentially deteriorated with increasing the milling time, and then it has become an amorphous structure at the end of 8 h. The crystalline size of the U_5m powder is reduced to 15.5 nm after 4 h of milling. The results of this study are considered to be useful for future nano studies and industrial applications of ceramic ulexite compound, which is a boron mineral. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.