Enerji Kaynakları Kullanımı-CO2 Emisyonu ve İktisadi Büyüme İlişkisi: Gelişmekte Olan Ekonomiler Üzerine Bir İnceleme


ISTANBUL JOURNAL OF ECONOMICS, vol.72, no.2, pp.453-472, 2022 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 72 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.26650/istjecon2021-1179726
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), ABI/INFORM, EconLit, Directory of Open Access Journals, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.453-472
  • Keywords: Renewable energy, Fossil fuels, Developing economies, RENEWABLE ENERGY, CO2 EMISSIONS, CONSUMPTION, NEXUS, IMPACT, TRADE
  • Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University Affiliated: Yes


Energy and all concepts related to energy are factors that affect the economic growth level of countries. When energy is examined in terms of developing economies, it is understood how vital energy is. Increasing energy demand is affected by various dynamics that affect the strategies and policies of countries. Since energy is an input for production, it is a determinant of the economic growth process. It is important to consider the resources used while assessing the energy required in production. There are two types of energy sources: renewable and non-renewable. Regarding the future of the world and the use of fossil fuels, there are concerns about climate change and global warming. It is seen that international cooperation on this issue is inevitable. In this paper, the relationship between energy use, CO2 emissions, and economic growth are analyzed for selected developing economies. The study examines the connections between the consumption of renewable and non-renewable energy, CO2 emissions per capita, and capita income between 1995 and 2014. Selecting the data for this period is due to the desire to include more developing economies in the model. Finally, it has been determined that all three independent variables have a positive effect on economic growth. In order to combat climate change, it is important for developing economies to encourage renewable energy for a sustainable life.