Piperazine-azole-fluoroquinolone hybrids: Conventional and microwave irradiated synthesis, biological activity screening and molecular docking studies

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Mermer A., Faiz O., DEMİRBAŞ A., DEMİRBAŞ N., Alagumuthu M., ARUMUGAM S.

BIOORGANIC CHEMISTRY, vol.85, pp.308-318, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 85
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.bioorg.2019.01.009
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.308-318
  • Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University Affiliated: Yes


A series of new 1,2,4-triazole and 1,3,4-oxadiazole derivatives was obtained via several steps sequential reactions of phenyl piperazine. Then, these compounds were converted to the corresponding fluoroquinolone hybrids via one pot three component Mannich reaction. All the reactions were examined under conventional and microwave mediated conditions, and optimum conditions were determined. The effect of different solvents and microwave power on microwave prompted reactions was investigated as well. All the newly synthesized compounds were characterized by FTIR, H-1 NMR, C-13 NMR and EI MS spectral techniques. The antimicrobial activity, DNA gyrase and Topoisomerase IV inhibition potentials were performed. The results obtained showed that fluoroquinolone hybrids possess good antimicrobial activity. Moreover, Fluoroquinolone-azole-piperazine hybrids synthesized in the present study displayed excellent DNA gyrase inhibition. To unveil the interaction mode of compounds to receptor, a molecular docking study was performed. With an average least binding energy of -9.5 kcal/mol, all compounds were found to have remarkable inhibitory potentials against DNA gyrase (E. coli).