Human Shaped Stone Sculptures and Balbals Belonging to Early Period Turkish Culture in Ormanl? Village of ?enkaya District of Erzurum

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Günaşdı Y., Has A. C., Bingöl B.

GAZI AKADEMIK BAKIS-GAZI ACADEMIC VIEW, vol.16, no.31, pp.327-344, 2022 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 16 Issue: 31
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.327-344
  • Keywords: Human Shaped Stone Sculptures, Balbals, ?enkaya Ormanl? Village, Cimmerians and Scythians, Turkish Traces
  • Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University Affiliated: Yes


The Eastern Anatolia Region has been the first stop for the tribes coming to Anatolia from Eurasia. The wide plateaus and water resources in the region, which is a mountainous geography, have made this region a center of attraction for equestrian nomadic cultures that live on sheep and goats since ancient times. Although the Caspian Sea was a natural obstacle for these tribes who wanted to enter Anatolia from Central Asia, these cultures entered Anatolia using the Caucasus in the north and the Zagros in the south. These cultures left behind many cultural elements such as kurgans-graves, stamps-heaps, runic writings, rock paintings, toponyms and stone statues-balbals. In the article, Senkaya Stone statues and balbals, which are among these elements, were examined. Stone sculptures were depicted and their motifs were evaluated, and then they were dated by comparing them with the Anatolian and Eurasian stone sculpture tradition.