Family Practice and Palliative Care, vol.3, no.1, pp.28-32, 2018 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)
Introduction: Cesarean section rate (CS) has increased to 15.5% in 2012 while it was 12% in 2000s, in general. Information during these follow-ups is very important for pregnant women to decide on delivery method. Another aspect that affects women’s delivery method is the education level. The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of education level on delivery method for pregnant women. Method: This descriptive study was carried out by the participation of 500 pregnant women who were regularly followed in Family Physician Polyclinic in Rize between January 2016 and December 2017. Each pregnant woman was followed up in Family Health Center at least 4 times during pregnancy. Methods of delivery of pregnants participating in the study were determined, and the factors affecting them were investigated with appropriate statistical methods. Results: Of 500 pregnant women included in the study, 254 (50.8%) women were between the ages of 20-35 and the majority (n=282; 56.4%) were primary and secondary school graduates. 52 (10.4%) of the mothers were smoking while 104 (20.8%) mothers were working at any job. The mean age of the mothers participating to study is 28.8±9.8. No correlation was found between the delivery method and age groups. (p=0.651) Patients were divided into three groups as primary and secondary school graduates, high school graduates and university graduates according to the education level. University and higher education group was significantly choosing cesarean section more than primary school graduates groups. (p=0.021) Conclusion: In this study carried out in Turkey, where cesarean section is performed in the world at most, we have figured out that there is a relation between high education level and socio-economic status of pregnant women and cesarean delivery preference.