The hepatoprotective potential of resveratrol in an experimental model of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm via oxidative stress and apoptosis


BİLEN A., MERCANTEPE F., TÜMKAYA L. , YILMAZ A. , BATÇIK Ş.

JOURNAL OF BIOCHEMICAL AND MOLECULAR TOXICOLOGY, 2021 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası:
  • Basım Tarihi: 2021
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1002/jbt.22836
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF BIOCHEMICAL AND MOLECULAR TOXICOLOGY

Özet

The mortality rate in ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms can today be reduced through cardiovascular surgery. However, ischemia and reperfusion-induced tissue damage develop due to aortic cross-clamping applied during surgery. The present study aimed to reduce oxidative stress-induced hepatic damage resulting from ischemia and reperfusion due to aortic cross-clamping during surgery by means of resveratrol administration. Forty male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned into four groups: control (healthy), glycerol+ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) (sham), I/R, and I/R + Resveratrol. In all groups scheduled for I/R, 60 min of shock was followed by 60 min of ischemia. In the I/R + Resveratrol group, 10 mg/kg of resveratrol was administered 15 min before ischemia and immediately before reperfusion via the intraperitoneal route. In addition, 120 min of reperfusion was applied under anesthesia after ischemia in all groups. Intralobar and interlobar necrosis, vascular congestion, and edematous fields resulting from aortic occlusion were present. Liver tissue malondialdehyde (MDA) levels and cleaved caspase-3 positivity increased, while glutathione (GSH) levels decreased. However, resveratrol administration reduced intralobular and interlobar necrosis, vascular congestion and edematous fields, cleaved caspase-3 positivity, and MDA levels, and increased GSH levels. Our findings suggest that resveratrol is effective against aortic occlusion-induced liver injury by reducing oxidative stress and apoptosis.