Study of early-age performance of cementitious backfills with alkali activated slag under internal sulfate attack


Jiang H., Han J., Ren L., Guo Z., Yılmaz E.

CONSTRUCTION AND BUILDING MATERIALS, vol.371, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 371
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2023.130786
  • Journal Name: CONSTRUCTION AND BUILDING MATERIALS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, CAB Abstracts, Communication Abstracts, INSPEC, Metadex, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Cemented paste backfill, Alkali -activated slag, Sulfate, Setting time, Flow properties, Strength, CEMENTED PASTE BACKFILL, FLY-ASH, MICROSTRUCTURAL DEVELOPMENT, HYDRATION KINETICS, SELF-DESICCATION, STRENGTH, SULFIDE, TEMPERATURE, ADMIXTURES, GEOPOLYMER
  • Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

The vulnerability to internal sulfate attack of calcium-rich ordinary Portland cement (OPC) and its relative high cost force mines to explore technically effective and low cost alternative binders to solidify sulfate-containing tailings. Alkali activated slag (AAS) has been established to be a promising substitute for OPC due to its supe-rior strength, good resistance to chemical attack and low cost. This study shows results of a laboratory research dealing the characteristics of cemented paste backfill (CPB) with AAS under internal sulfate attack. A blend of two alkali activators (SS: sodium silicate, SH: sodium hydroxide) was considered. To assess the behavior of CPB materials subjected to diverse conditions, a total of 4 different SS/SH ratio (e.g., 0.5, 0.75, 1, and 1.25) were used within CPB. Results shows that initial/final setting times tend to drop with growing sulfate content up to 5000 ppm, followed by gradual increases. Increasing sulfate content leads to higher yield stresses and viscosities and the degree of this negative impact is much severer in samples having the high SS/SH ratio. The presence of sulfate can enhance or deteriorate the strength of AAS-CPB depending on activator type, cure age and initial sulfate content. CPB with high SS/SH ratio reveals weaker resistance to internal sulfate attack due to their lower pH values. The key outcome of this work will be beneficial to optimally design of sulfate bearing CPB-AAS structures.