Effect of drying treatments on the global metabolome and health-related compounds in tomatoes

Bakir S., Hall R. D., De Vos R. C. H., Mumm R., Kadakal C., Capanoglu E.

FOOD CHEMISTRY, vol.403, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 403
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2022.134123
  • Journal Name: FOOD CHEMISTRY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, EMBASE, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, MEDLINE, Metadex, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Dried tomatoes, Metabolomics, In vitro bioaccessibility, Vitamins, Bioactive compounds, IN-VITRO BIOACCESSIBILITY, VITAMIN-C, ANTIOXIDANT, LYCOPENE, ERGOSTEROL, QUALITY, STABILITY, PHENOLICS, FRUITS, FOOD
  • Recep Tayyip Erdoğan University Affiliated: Yes


Drying fruits and vegetables is a long-established preservation method, and for tomatoes, in most cases sun-drying is preferred. Semi-drying is relatively a new application aimed to preserve better the original tomato properties. We have assessed the effects of different drying methods on the phytochemical variation in tomato products using untargeted metabolomics and targeted analyses of key compounds. An LC-MS approach enabled the relative quantification of 890 mostly semi-polar secondary metabolites and GC-MS analysis in the relative quantification of 270 polar, mostly primary metabolites. Metabolite profiles of sun-dried and oven-dried samples were clearly distinct and temperature-dependent. Both treatments caused drastic changes in lycopene and vi-tamins with losses up to > 99% compared to freeze-dried controls. Semi-drying had less impact on these com-pounds. In vitro bioaccessibility analyses of total phenolic compounds and antioxidants in a gastrointestinal digestion protocol revealed the highest recovery rates in semi-dried fruits. Semi-drying is a better way of pre-serving tomato phytochemicals, based on both composition and bioaccessibility results.